|The Lost Continent Of Atlantis|
|Click on the books
below to read the
comments and reviews
of those who
read the books
| One of the most mysterious legends handed down by the ancient world is the tale of Atlantis. Tradition places Atlantis somewhere in
theAtlantic Ocean 11,000 years in the past. In 360 B.C. Plato wrote the "Timaeus" and "Critias" which told of Atlantis through Solon, who had traveled to Egypt. In Plato's "Timaeus" you will find
abrief overview of Solon's encounter with the Egyptian Priests. You can Read It Here. Plato's "Critias" describes Atlantis in much greater detail. I have placed a link
tothe Critias skipping the intro and beginning on page 2 of www.activemind.com website of the Critias.
The Critias tells us that Poseidon, God Of The Sea, was granted the realm of Atlantis when the gods divided the earth amongst themselves. There he created a palace for his love,a mortal woman named Cleito. On the top of the hill in the center of the island a great temple was constructed to honor Poseidon. Consisting of several land masses, the Atlantis Continent was locatedin the Atlantic, west of Gibraltar. It was said to have been a paradise, hosting a highly developed civilization. Civil prejudice, greed and power contributed to the downfall of the empire. Zeuscalled for a meeting of the gods to punished Atlantis. Here the story ends. Whether the author chose to end the story here, or perhaps the last pages were lost to antiquity, we'll never know. It ispresumed from the Timareus, the verdict of the gods caused the Atlantic Ocean to submerge the continent beneath it's surface.
While reading the Critias I would like to point to three statements which will be discussed in future additions to the unexplained:
1. "In the days of old the gods had the whole earth distributed among them by allotment."
2. "Many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years, for that is the number of years which have elapsed since the time of which I am speaking."
3. "For many generations, as long as the divine nature lasted in them, they were obedient to the laws, and well-affectioned towards the god, whose seed they were."
From the Timareus:
1. "There have been, and will be again, many destructions of mankind arising out of many causes; the greatest have been brought about by the agencies of fire and water, and other lesser ones byinnumerable other causes."
2. "the island was larger than Libya and Asia put together, and was the way to other islands, and from these you might pass to the whole of the opposite continent which surrounded the trueocean."
Archaeologists, explorers and scientists have placed Atlantis in the mid-Atlantic, Cuba, the Andes, South Pacific and dozens of other places. Some believe ancient Thera, avolcanic Greek island in the Aegean Sea that was devastated by a volcanic eruption in 1625 BCE, was the origin of the Egyptian tale. Thera was part of the ancient Minoan civilization on Crete.Charles R. Pellegrino provides a convincing argument for this theory in his book "Unearthing Atlantis". Other than being destroyed by volcanic eruptions, neither time nor location matches Plato'sdescription, unless one believes the miscommunication prescribed by the author.
Atlantis as Antarctica was given birth by the theories of Professor Charles Hapgood of Keene College, New Hampshire. He announced the fact that the continent appears on ancientcharts that long predates the discovery of Antarctica by Capt. James Cooke in 1773. The charts also show the landmass as it was before the ice covered the continent. Hapgood proposed the "earth crustdisplacement theory" claiming that the ice only fully embellished Antarctica following a polar shift around 9500 BC, the end of the last Ice Age. Hapgood's extraordinary book Maps of the Ancient SeaKings, first published in 1966.
Influenced by Hapgood's theories, Canadian writers Rose and Rand Flem-ath claimed in their 1995 book "When the Sky Fell" that the Antarctic continent was Plato's Atlantis. RandFlem-ath's website Atlantis and the Earth's Shifting Crust. tempts the reader to embrace his views. A very convincing theory, although Antarctica is theonly continent lacking evidence of human settlements. In their book, Atlantis Blueprint, Wilson and Flem-ath describe an advanced civilization of people known as the Atlanteans, which lived in asnow-free Antarctica. Gifted with advanced technical and navigational skills they left a wealth of sacred sites through out the entire world. Atlantis as Antarctica, you be the judge.
Another excellent proposal claims Atlantis has been found in the East Indies between India and Australia. "The True History ofAtlantis" on the www.atlan.org website, claims the true location for the Garden of Eden (Atlantis) can be found in the South China Sea. Combining stories of the Vedas, Bible, and other ancientmanuscripts as well as computer based topography of the South China Sea prior to the end of the last ice age, the authors make an interesting argument for their case. According to their theory, theeruption of the super volcano "Krakatoa" played a cataclysmic role in the demolition of Atlantis. This site is well worth a look. As with the previous claims, the Atlantic Ocean and the Pillars ofHercules had to be redefined.
Traditional thinking places Atlantis in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean between the Straits of Gibraltar (Pillars of Hercules) and the whole of the opposite continent (theAmericas). One of the more likely places according to Plato's location, would place Atlantis near the Azore Islands. The Azores are a group of islands located about 900 miles west of the Portuguesecoast. Some people believe the islands are the mountain tops of the sunken continent of Atlantis. Ignatius Donnelly's "Atlantis" attempts to provide evidence for this theory. The Azores are part ofthe Mid Atlantic Ridge, built by volcanic activity, they arise from the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean. A collapse of the earth's crust to these depths, can not be probable. Geological beliefsattribute a rise in the ocean's depths rather than a sinking of a landmass to account for submerged civilizations. Also when discovered by Portuguese sailors in 1427, they found the islands absent ofany signs of human life.
The Canary Islands just west of Morocco are also part of the Mid Atlantic Ridge. Unlike the Azores, the Canary Islands were inhabited by mysterious natives, the Guanches.According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the Guanches were "any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting, respectively, the western and eastern groups of the Canary Islands when first encountered by theconquering Spaniards at the beginning of the 15th century. Both populations are thought to have been of Cro-Magnon origin and may possibly have come from central and southern Europe via northernAfrica in some distant age. Both aboriginal groups had brown complexion, blue or gray eyes, and blondish hair, and these characteristics still persist in a large number of present inhabitants of theislands, but otherwise they are scarcely distinguishable in appearance or culture from the people of Spain. Neither original group now exists as a separate race, but the name Canarios is now appliedto all present residents." Their isolation was said to have helped preserved their Cro-Magnon genetic traits.
The Caribbean America's `sleeping prophet', Edgar Cayce, spoke of locations where records of the Atlantis were hidden prior to the destruction of the island continent. Heprophesied that one of them would be found in a portion of the temples, yet to be discovered, under the sea water near Bimini, off the coast of Florida. It will be among the first portions ofAtlantis to rise again in 1968.
Oddly enough, in 1968 a megalithic structure located underwater near Bimini's North Island was discovered. The now famous Bimini Road is over 600 meters in length and composed ofa double line of enormous blocks which curve gracefully back towards the beach. The structure is similar to the letter J. A similar structure continues in a broken line for over a 100 meters beforeit disappearing beneath the sands. Some blocks are placed on top of others, but the majority rest on the sea floor.
Many geologists claim that the Bimini Road is simply a formation of natural occurring beachrock formation while others have proposed a number of reasons why the feature appearsto be artificial in construction. Other structures have come to light in the immediate vicinity of the Road, including a three-meter ring of large stones and various alleged fallen monoliths. Inaddition to this, various worked stones have also been found in the same area. Considering the finds, very little archaeology work has been done to verify these claims.
Visit the website of Andrew Collins author of "Gateway to Atlantis". It tells of recent discoveries off thecoast of Cuba.
Edgar Cayce predicted that there was a room underneath the left paw of the sphinx in Egypt, and that this room holds information about Atlantis. He also predicted that the roomwould be found and opened in 1996-1998. Sonar reading have proven Cayce to be right about the room but the Egyptian government has officially refused to open the sphinx room, and say they aren'tplanning to in the near future. Sounds like another Roswell in the making! When and if the room is opened up, if not already explored, it may shed new light on our distant path.
Believers grasp Atlantis as not just a lost continent but forgotten knowledge and wisdom. Whether mankind achieved an advanced civilization through endeavors of their own, orhelped by the gods, archaeology is pushing cultural growth further and further into the past. A recent article in National Geographic throws aside the theory of the Americas being populated by a single migration from Asia around11,200 years ago. In fact it has pushed evidence of human presence as far back as 30,000 years ago. It not only tells of an Asian migration, but tells of European occupation well before the influxfrom Asia.
Many fantastic theories have been proposed about Atlantis including:
Atlanteans were extraterrestrials.
They destroyed themselves with nuclear bombs or other advanced technology.
The oddities of the Bermuda Triangle originates from sunken Atlantean crystals of mysterious power hidden under the sea floor.
Atlanteans were the common source for development of ancient civilizations.
Psychic healer Edgar Cayce claimed to be a reincarnation of an Atlantean.
Spirtualist J.Z. Knight claims her spirit channel, Ramtha, is from Atlantis.
Many people believe Atlantis to be complete fiction, others claim that Thera inspired a philosopher's imagination, and still others contend that the story is an accurate account of a long lost forgotten past.
|Charles R. Pellegrino
Maps of the Ancient
|Rose and Flem-ath
When the Sky Fell
|Wilson and Flem-ath
this website for
Atlantis in the
South China Sea
The Lost Hall
Gateway to Atlantis
|Zapp and Erikson
Atlantis in America